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    Heejung Bang 
    Laurel Beckett 
    Danielle Harvey 
    Ana-Maria Iosif 
    Kyoungmi Kim 
    Chin-Shang Li 
    Diana L Miglioretti 
    Miriam Nuno 
    LiHong Qi 
    David Rocke 
    Susan L. Stewart 


   Minh Chau (Chau) Barr
   Evan de Bie
   Blythe Durbin-Johnson
   Judy Li
   Lisa (Yi) Mu
   Vien Nguyen
   Naomi Saito
   Daniel Tancredi
   Sandra Taylor
   Machelle D Wilson
   Matt Yang


Heejung Bang

  Professor, PhD
  Dr. Bang's personal webpage
  Dr. Bang's CV
Clinical trials and observational studies. Medical cost and cost-effectiveness analysis, prediction and screening modeling.

1999: Ph.D., Statistics, North Carolina State University 
1997: M.S., Statistics, North Carolina State University 
1995: B.S., Statistics, Ewha University, Seoul, S. Korea 

Courses Taught
BST-299:  Special study for biostatistics graduate students
EPI-299:  Research
EPI-204A:  Foundations of statistical methods
MPH-Summer:  Clinical epidemiology and study design

Professional Affiliations/Awards
2012: Team member, Dean’s Team Award for Excellence, UC Davis
2001: Young Investigator Award, Statistics in Epidemiology Section at Joint Statistical Meetings, American Statistical Association
1997: Gertrude M. Cox Outstanding Academic Achievement Award Fellow: Outstanding M.S. Candidate, Department of Statistics, North Carolina State University
American Statistical Association
Associate Director, Research Design and Biostatistics, CTSC, UC-Davis

Selected Publications
  1. Cil AP, Bang H, Oktay K. (2013). Age-specific probability of live birth with oocyte cryopreservation: an individual patient data meta-analysis. Fertility and Sterility, 100(2):492-9.

  2. Moroz A, Freed B, Tiedemann L, Bang H, Howell M, Park JJ. (2013). Blinding measured: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of acupuncture. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013(Epub 2013 Mar 3)

  3. Bernstein KS, Chen D, Bang H. (2013). Cognitive interviewing to develop a mental health services barrier assessment. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 17(1):4-10.

  4. Pati R, Lahuerta M, Elul B, Okamura M, Alvim MF, Schackman B, Bang H, Fernandes R, Assan A, Lima J, Nash D; Identifying Optimal Models of HIV Care in Mozambique Study Group. (2013). Factors associated with loss to clinic among HIV patients not yet known to be eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Mozambique. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 16(18490)

  5. Lee JR, Bang H, Dadhania D, Hartono C, Aull MJ, Satlin M, August P, Suthanthiran M, Muthukumar T. (2013). Independent risk factors for urinary tract infection and for subsequent bacteremia or acute cellular rejection: a single-center report of 1166 kidney allograft recipients. Transplantation, 96(8):732-8.

  6. Dadhania D, Snopkowski C, Muthukumar T, Lee J, Ding R, Sharma VK, Christos P, Bang H, Kapur S, Seshan SV, Suthanthiran M. (2013). Noninvasive prognostication of polyomavirus BK virus-associated nephropathy. Transplantation, 96(2):131-8.

  7. Efraim L, Peck RN, Kalluvya SE, Kabangila R, Mazigo HD, Mpondo B, Bang H, Todd J, Fitzgerald DW, Downs JA. (2013). Schistosomiasis and impaired response to antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients in Tanzania. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes , 62(5):e153-e156.

  8. Fenton JJ, Xing G, Elmore JG, Bang H, Chen SL, Lindfors KK, Baldwin LM. (2013). Short-term outcomes of screening mammography using computer-aided detection: a population-based study of medicare enrollees. Annals of Internal Medicine, 158(8):580-7.

  9. Kwon KS, Bang H, Bomback AS, Koh DH, Yum JH, Lee JH, Lee S, Park SK, Yoo KY, Park SK, Chang SH, Lim HS, Choi JM, Kshirsagar AV. (2012). A simple prediction score for kidney disease in the Korean population. Nephrology, 17(3):278-84.

  10. Lee Y, Bang H, Kim HC, Kim HM, Park SW, Kim DJ. (2012). A simple screening score for diabetes for the Korean population: development, validation, and comparison with other scores. Diabetes Care, 35(8):1723-30.

  11. Downs JA, van Dam GJ, Changalucha JM, Corstjens PL, Peck RN, de Dood CJ, Bang H, Andreasen A, Kalluvya SE, van Lieshout L, Johnson WD Jr, Fitzgerald DW. (2012). Association of Schistosomiasis and HIV infection in Tanzania. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 87(5):868-73.

  12. Bang H, Zhao H. (2012). Average cost-effectiveness ratio with censored data. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, 22(2):401-15.

  13. Ravi A, Bang H, Karsif K, Nori D. (2012). Breast cancer in men: prognostic factors, treatment patterns, and outcome. American Journal of Men's Health, 6(1):51-8.

  14. Nokes KM, Hughes V, Santos R, Bang H. (2012). Creating a paper-based personal health record for HIV-infected persons. The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC, 23(6):539-47.

  15. Weisenberg SA, Gibson AL, Huard RC, Kurepina N, Bang H, Lazzarini LC, Chiu Y, Li J, Ahuja S, Driscoll J, Kreiswirth BN, Ho JL. (2012). Distinct clinical and epidemiological features of tuberculosis in New York City caused by the RD(Rio) Mycobacterium tuberculosis sublineage. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 12(4):664-70.

  16. Webber A, Hambleton J, Chami A, Bang H, Seshan S, Sharma A, August P, Kapur S, Suthanthiran M, Dadhania D. (2012). Mean arterial blood pressure while awaiting kidney transplantation is associated with the risk of primary nonfunction. Transplantation, 93(1):54-60.

  17. Bang H, Zhao H. (2012). Median-Based Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER). Journal of statistical theory and practice, 6(3):428-42.

  18. Zhao H, Zuo C, Chen S, Bang H. (2012). Nonparametric inference for median costs with censored data. Biometrics, 68(3):717-25.

  19. Patel MD, Rose KM, Owens CR, Bang H, Kaufman JS. (2012). Performance of automated and manual coding systems for occupational data: a case study of historical records. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 55(3):228-31.

  20. Shin JK, Chiu YL, Choi S, Cho S, Bang H. (2012). Serious psychological distress, health risk behaviors, and diabetes care among adults with type 2 diabetes: the California Health Interview Survey 2007. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 95(3):406-14.

  21. Carmel AS, Shieh A, Bang H, Bockman RS. (2012). The 25(OH)D level needed to maintain a favorable bisphosphonate response is ≥33 ng/ml. Osteoporosis International, 23(10):2479-87.

  22. Shin JK, Barron CT, Chiu YL, Jang SH, Touhid S, Bang H. (2012). Weight changes and characteristics of patients associated with weight gain during inpatient psychiatric treatment. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(8):505-12.

  23. Yadeau JT, Liu SS, Bang H, Shaw PM, Wilfred SE, Shetty T, Gordon M. (2011). Cerebral oximetry desaturation during shoulder surgery performed in a sitting position under regional anesthesia. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie, 58(11):986-92.

  24. Koenig SP, Bang H, Severe P, Jean Juste MA, Ambroise A, Edwards A, Hippolyte J, Fitzgerald DW, McGreevy J, Riviere C, Marcelin S, Secours R, Johnson WD, Pape JW, Schackman BR. (2011). Cost-effectiveness of early versus standard antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults in Haiti. PLoS Medicine, 8(9):e1001095.

  25. Lee H, Bang H, Kim Y, Park J, Lee S, Lee H, Park HJ. (2011). Non-penetrating sham needle, is it an adequate sham control in acupuncture research? Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 19(1 Suppl):S41-8.

  26. Zhao H, Cheng Y, Bang H. (2011). Some insight on censored cost estimators. Statistics in Medicine, 30(19):2381-8.

  27. Downs JA, Mguta C, Kaatano GM, Mitchell KB, Bang H, Simplice H, Kalluvya SE, Changalucha JM, Johnson WD Jr, Fitzgerald DW. (2011). Urogenital schistosomiasis in women of reproductive age in Tanzania's Lake Victoria region. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 84(3):364-9.

  28. Kshirsagar AV, Chiu YL, Bomback AS, August PA, Viera AJ, Colindres RE, Bang H. (2010). A hypertension risk score for middle-aged and older adults. Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), 12(10):800-8.

  29. Griffin KW, Bang H, Botvin GJ. (2010). Age of alcohol and marijuana use onset predicts weekly substance use and related psychosocial problems during young adulthood. Journal of Substance Use, 15(3):174-183.

  30. Bang H, Flaherty S, Kolahi J, Park J. (2010). Blinding assessment in clinical trials: A review of statistical methods and a proposal of blinding assessment protocol. Clinical Research and Regulatory Affairs, 27(2):42-51.

  31. Severe P, Juste MA, Ambroise A, Eliacin L, Marchand C, Apollon S, Edwards A, Bang H, Nicotera J, Godfrey C, Gulick RM, Johnson WD Jr, Pape JW, Fitzgerald DW. (2010). Early versus standard antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected adults in Haiti. The New England journal of medicine, 363(3):257-65.

  32. Bang H, Chiu YL, Memtsoudis SG, Mandl LA, Della Valle AG, Mushlin AI, Marx RG, Mazumdar M. (2010). Total hip and total knee arthroplasties: trends and disparities revisited. The American journal of orthopedics, 39(3):E95-102.

  33. Dadhania D, Snopkowski C, Ding R, Muthukumar T, Lee J, Bang H, Sharma VK, Seshan S, August P, Kapur S, Suthanthiran M. (2010). Validation of noninvasive diagnosis of BK virus nephropathy and identification of prognostic biomarkers. Transplantation, 90(2):189-97.

  34. Shin J, Park S-Y, Cho S, Chiu Y, Bang H, Bernstein K. (2010). Validation of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Korean version (PHQ-9-K) scale for screening depression of Korean Americans in community settings. Journal of Theory Construction and Testing, 14(2):45-51.

  35. Young SS, Bang H, Oktay K. (2009). Cereal-induced gender selection? Most likely a multiple testing false positive. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279(1660):1211-2.

  36. Bang H, Edwards AM, Bomback AS, Ballantyne CM, Brillon D, Callahan MA, Teutsch SM, Mushlin AI, Kern LM. (2009). Development and validation of a patient self-assessment score for diabetes risk. Annals of internal medicine, 151(11):775-83.

  37. Saintonge S, Bang H, Gerber LM. (2009). Implications of a new definition of vitamin D deficiency in a multiracial us adolescent population: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. Pediatrics, 123(3):797-803.

  38. Nambi V, Hoogeveen RC, Chambless L, Hu Y, Bang H, Coresh J, Ni H, Boerwinkle E, Mosley T, Sharrett R, Folsom AR, Ballantyne CM. (2009). Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein improve the stratification of ischemic stroke risk in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Stroke, 40(2):376-81.

  39. Bang H, Mazumdar M, Newman G, Bomback AS, Ballantyne CM, Jaffe AS, August PA, Kshirsagar AV. (2009). Screening for kidney disease in vascular patients: SCreening for Occult REnal Disease (SCORED) experience. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 24(8):2452-7.

  40. Saab PG, Bang H, Williams RB, Powell LH, Schneiderman N, Thoresen C, Burg M, Keefe F; ENRICHD Investigators. (2009). The impact of cognitive behavioral group training on event-free survival in patients with myocardial infarction: the ENRICHD experience. Journal of psychosomatic research, 67(1):45-56.

  41. Kolahi J, Bang H, Park J. (2009). Towards a proposal for assessment of blinding success in clinical trials: up-to-date review. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology, 37(6):477-84.

  42. Almeida AS, Lago PM, Boechat N, Huard RC, Lazzarini LC, Santos AR, Nociari M, Zhu H, Perez-Sweeney BM, Bang H, Ni Q, Huang J, Gibson AL, Flores VC, Pecanha LR, Kritski AL, Lapa e Silva JR, Ho JL. (2009). Tuberculosis is associated with a down-modulatory lung immune response that impairs Th1-type immunity. The Journal of Immunology, 183(1):718-31.

  43. Kshirsagar AV, Bang H, Bomback AS, Vupputuri S, Shoham DA, Kern LM, Klemmer PJ, Mazumdar M, August PA. (2008). A simple algorithm to predict incident kidney disease. Archives of internal medicine, 168(22):2466-73.

  44. Wu CO, Tian X, Bang H. (2008). A varying-coefficient model for the evaluation of time-varying concomitant intervention effects in longitudinal studies. Statistics in Medicine, 27(16):3042-56.

  45. Pettigrew LC, Bang H, Chambless LE, Howard VJ, Toole JF; Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention Investigators. (2008). Assessment of pre- and post-methionine load homocysteine for prediction of recurrent stroke and coronary artery disease in the Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention Trial. Atherosclerosis, 200(2):345-9.

  46. Kshirsagar AV, Bomback AS, Bang H, Gerber LM, Vupputuri S, Shoham DA, Mazumdar M, Ballantyne CM, Paparello JJ, Klemmer PJ. (2008). Association of C-reactive protein and microalbuminuria (from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1999 to 2004). The American Journal of Cardiology, 101(3):401-6.

  47. Kim Y, Park J, Lee H, Bang H, Park HJ. (2008). Content validity of an acupuncture sensation questionnaire. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(8):957-63.

  48. Rose KM, Perhac JS, Bang H, Heiss G. (2008). Historical records as a source of information for childhood socioeconomic status: results from a pilot study of decedents. Annals of Epidemiology, 18(5):357-63.

  49. Lazzarini LC, Spindola SM, Bang H, Gibson AL, Weisenberg S, da Silva Carvalho W, Augusto CJ, Huard RC, Kritski AL, Ho JL. (2008). RDRio Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is associated with a higher frequency of cavitary pulmonary disease. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 46(7):2175-83.

  50. Charles M, Noel F, Leger P, Severe P, Riviere C, Beauharnais CA, Miller E, Rutledge J, Bang H, Shealey W, D'Aquila RT, Gulick RM, Johnson WD Jr, Wright PF, Pape JW, Fitzgerald DW. (2008). Survival, plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations and drug resistance in HIV-1-infected Haitian adolescents and young adults on antiretrovirals. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 86(12):970-7.

  51. Bang H, Mazumdar M, Kern LM, Shoham DA, August PA, Kshirsagar AV. (2008). Validation and comparison of a novel screening guideline for kidney disease: KEEPing SCORED. JAMA Internal Medicine, Formerly Archives of Internal Medicine, 168(4):432-5.

  52. Oktay K, Sönmezer M, Oktem O, Fox K, Emons G, Bang H. (2007). Absence of conclusive evidence for the safety and efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue treatment in protecting against chemotherapy-induced gonadal injury. Oncologist, 12(1055-66):9.

  53. Newman GC, Bang H, Hussain SI, Toole JF. (2007). Association of diabetes, homocysteine and HDL with cognition and disability after stroke. Neurology, 69(22):2054-62.

  54. Hoogeveen RC, Ballantyne CM, Bang H, Heiss G, Duncan BB, Folsom AR, Pankow JS. (2007). Circulating oxidised low-density lipoprotein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Diabetologia, 50(1):36-42.

  55. Epstein JA, Zhou XK, Bang H, Botvin GJ. (2007). Do competence skills moderate the impact of social influences to drink and perceived social benefits of drinking on alcohol use among inner-city adolescents? Prevention Science, 8(1):65-73.

  56. Pillai A, Bang H, Green C. (2007). Metformin and glitazones: do they really help PCOS patients? Journal of Family Practice, 56(6):444-53.

  57. Bang H, Davis CE. (2007). On estimating treatment effects under non-compliance in randomized clinical trials: are intent-to-treat or instrumental variables analyses perfect solutions? Statistics in Medicine, 26(5):954-964.

  58. Zhao H, Bang H, Wang H, Pfeifer PE. (2007). On the equivalence of some medical cost estimators with censored data. Statistics in Medicine, 26(24):4520-30.

  59. Machado PR, Lessa H, Lessa M, Guimarães LH, Bang H, Ho JL, Carvalho EM. (2007). Oral pentoxifylline combined with pentavalent antimony: a randomized trial for mucosal leishmaniasis. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 44(6):788-93.

  60. Bang H, Vupputuri S, Shoham DA, Klemmer PJ, Falk RJ, Mazumdar M, Gipson D, Colindres RE, Kshirsagar AV. (2007). SCreening for Occult REnal Disease (SCORED): a SCreening for Occult REnal Disease (SCORED): a simple prediction model for chronic kidney disease.simple prediction model for chronic kidney disease. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167(4):374-81.

  61. Fisher JC, Bang H, Kapiga SH. (2007). The association between HIV infection and alcohol use: a systematic review and meta-analysis of African studies. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(11):856-63.

  62. Kapiga SH, Sam NE, Bang H, Ni Q, Ao TT, Kiwelu I, Chiduo S, Ndibe U, Seage G 3rd, Coplan P, Shao J, Rosenberg ZF, Essex M. (2007). The role of herpes simplex virus type 2 and other genital infections in the acquisition of HIV-1 among high-risk women in northern Tanzania. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 195(9):1260-9.

  63. Epstein JA, Bang H, Botvin GJ. (2007). Which psychosocial factors moderate or directly affect substance use among inner-city adolescents? Addictive Behaviors, 32(4):700-713.

  64. Kshirsagar AV, Carpenter M, Bang H, Wyatt SB, Colindres RE. (2006). Blood pressure usually considered normal is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. The American Journal of Medicine, 119(2):133-41.

  65. Kshirsagar AV, Vupputuri S, Shoham D, Bang H, Colindres RE, Simpson RJ. (2006). Does Cholesterol Reduction with Cholestyramine Prevent Coronary Heart Disease among Individuals with Prehypertension? Clinical Research & Regulatory Affairs, 23(3/4):165-175.

  66. Oktay K, Cil AP, Bang H. (2006). Efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation: a meta-analysis. Fertility and Sterility, 86(1):70-80.

  67. Oktay K, Hourvitz A, Sahin G, Oktem O, Safro B, Cil A, Bang H. (2006). Letrozole reduces estrogen and gonadotropin exposure in women with breast cancer undergoing ovarian stimulation before chemotherapy. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 91(10):3885-90.

  68. Ovbiagele B, Saver JL, Bang H, Chambless LE, Nassief A, Minuk J, Toole JF, Crouse JR; VISP Study Investigators. (2006). Statin treatment and adherence to national cholesterol guidelines after ischemic stroke. Neurology, 66(8):1164-70.

  69. Mendes de Leon CF, Czajkowski SM, Freedland KE, Bang H, Powell LH, Wu C, Burg MM, DiLillo V, Ironson G, Krumholz HM, Mitchell P, Blumenthal JA; ENRICHD investigators. (2006). The effect of a psychosocial intervention and quality of life after acute myocardial infarction: the Enhancing Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease (ENRICHD) clinical trial. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 26(1):9-13.

  70. Bang H, Mazumdar M, Spence D. (2006). Tutorial in biostatistics: Analyzing associations between total plasma homocysteine and B vitamins using optimal categorization and segmented regression. Neuroepidemiology, 27(4):188-200.

  71. Bang H, Robins JM. (2005). Doubly robust estimation in missing data and causal inference models. Biometrics, 61(4):962-73.

  72. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Bang H, Pankow JS, Ballantyne CM, Golden S, Folsom AR, Chambless LE. (2005). Identifying high risk individuals to prevent for diabetes – the ARIC study. Diabetes Care, 28:2013-2018.

  73. Ballantyne CM, Hoogeveen RC, Bang H, Coresh J, Folsom AR, Chambless LE, Myerson M, Wu KK, Sharrett AR, Boerwinkle E. (2005). Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and risk for incident ischemic stroke in middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Archives of Internal Medicine, 165(21):2479-2484.

  74. Bang H. (2005). Medical cost analysis: application to colorectal cancer data from the SEER Medicare database. Contemporary Clinical Trials (Formerly Controlled Clinical Trials, Journal name changed after paper was accepted), 26(5):586-97.

  75. Pfeifer PE, Bang H. (2005). Non-parametric estimation of mean customer lifetime value. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 19(4):48-66.

  76. Jung SH, Bang H, Young S. (2005). Sample size calculation for multiple testing in microarray data analysis. Biostatistics, 6(1):157-69.

  77. Bang H, Jung SH, George SL. (2005). Sample size calculation for simulation-based multiple-testing procedures. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, 15(6):957-67.

  78. Kshirsagar AV, Shoham DA, Bang H, Hogan SL, Simpson RJ Jr, Colindres RE. (2005). The effect of cholesterol reduction with cholestyramine on renal function. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 46(5):812-9.

  79. Spence JD, Bang H, Chambless LE, Stampfer MJ. (2005). Vitamin Intervention For Stroke Prevention trial: an efficacy analysis. Stroke, 36(11):2404-9.

  80. Duncan BD, Schmidt MI, Pankow JS, Bang H, Couper D, Ballantyne CM, Hoogeveen RC, Heiss G. (2004). Adiponectin and the development of Type 2 diabetes mellitus – the ARIC study. Diabetes, 53(9):2473-8.

  81. Bang H, Ni L, Davis CE. (2004). Assessment of blinding in clinical trials. Controlled Clinical Trials, 25(2):143-156.

  82. Bang H, Spiegelman D. (2004). Estimating treatment effects in studies of perinatal transmission of HIV. Biostatistics, 5(1):31-43.

  83. Ballantyne CM, Hoogeveen RC, Bang H, Coresh J, Folsom AR, Heiss G, Sharrett AR. (2004). Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and risk for incident coronary heart disease in middle-aged men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Circulation, 109(7):837-42.

  84. Kapiga SH, Bang H, Spiegelman D, Msamanga GI, Coley J, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. (2002). Correlates of plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load among HIV-1-seropositive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, 30(3):316-23.

  85. Bang H, Tsiatis AA. (2002). Median regression with censored cost data. Biometrics, 58(3):643-649.

  86. Fawzi WW, Msamanga GI, Hunter D, Renjifo B, Antelman G, Bang H, Manji K, Kapiga S, Mwakagile D, Essex M, Spiegelman D. (2002). Randomized trial of vitamin supplements in relation to transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding and early child mortality. AIDS, 16(14):1935-44.

  87. Fawzi W, Msamanga G, Spiegelman D, Renjifo B, Bang H, Kapiga S, Coley J, Hertzmark E, Essex M, Hunter D. (2002). Transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding among women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes, 31(3):331-8.

  88. Bang H, Tsiatis AA. (2000). Estimating medical costs with censored data. Biometrika, 87(2):329-343.

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