Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 and incidence of Alzheimer disease In a Community Population of Older Persons

Evans, DA, LA Beckett, TS Field, L Feng, MS Albert, DA Bennett, B Tycko and R Mayeux

JAMA-J. Am. Med. Assoc.. 1997. 277(10):822-824.

Objective.-To examine the relation between apolipoprotein E status and risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) in a defined population and estimate the fraction of incident AD attributable to the epsilon 4 allele. Design.-Community-based cohort study. Setting.-East Boston, Mass. Participants.-A random sample of 578 community residents aged 65 years and older free of AD. Main Outcome Measure.-Clinical diagnosis of AD by uniform, structured evaluation. Results.-The increased risk of AD associated with the presence of the epsilon 4 allele was less than that found in most family and case-control studies. Persons with the epsilon 4/epsilon 4 or epsilon 3/epsilon 4 genotypes had 2.27 (95% confidence interval, 1.06- 4.89) times the risk of incident disease compared with those with the epsilon 3/epsilon 3 genotype. The epsilon 4 allele accounted for a fairly small fraction of the incidence of AD; if the allele did not exist or had no effect on disease risk, the incidence would be reduced by only 13.7%. The effect of the epsilon 4 allele on risk of AD did not appear to vary with age. Conclusions.-The apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele is an important genetic risk factor for AD but accounts for a fairly small fraction of disease occurrence in this population-based study. Continued efforts to identify other environmental and genetic risk factors are warranted.

Keywords: blacks; disabled; logistic models; longitudinal studies; whites, Active Life Expectancy; Racial-differences; Alameda County; Health; Mortality; Cohort; Mobility, Aggressive-behavior; Dementia; Scale, E Allele Epsilon-4; e Polymorphism; Type-4 Allele; Frequencies; Association; Gene; Risk

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