Functional Disability Among Elderly Blacks and Whites in 2 Diverse Areas - the New-haven and North-carolina Epese

Deleon, CFM, GG Fillenbaum, CS Williams, DB Brock, LA Beckett and LF Berkman

Am. J. Public Health. 1995. 85(7):994-998.

This study examines the prevalence of functional disability (limitation in at least one basic activity of daily living) among elderly Black and White community residents in the New Haven (n = 2812) and North Carolina (n = 4162) sites of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE). In New Haven, elderly Blacks, particulary women below age 75, had a higher prevalence of disability compared with Whites, which was partially attributable to a higher prevalence of chronic conditions. In North Carolina, Blacks had only a slightly higher risk of being disabled than Whites, and this was fully accounted for by differences in socioeconomic status. Black-White differences in the prevalence of functional disability reveal geographic variation.

Keywords: Metaanalysis; Mega-analysis; Technology Assessment; Fish Oil; Eicosapentaenoic Acid; Rheumatoid Arthritis, Polyunsaturated Fatty-acids; Acute Myocardial-infarction; Dietary Supplementation; Clinical-trials; Docosahexaenoic Acids; Generation; Publication; Quality, Alameda County; Health; Life; Predictors; Mortality; Cohort

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