|Functional Disability Among Elderly Blacks and Whites in 2 Diverse Areas - the New-haven and North-carolina Epese
Deleon, CFM, GG Fillenbaum, CS Williams, DB Brock, LA Beckett and LF Berkman
Am. J. Public Health. 1995. 85(7):994-998.
This study examines the prevalence of functional disability (limitation in at least one basic activity of daily living) among elderly Black and White community residents in the New Haven (n = 2812) and North Carolina (n = 4162) sites of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE). In New Haven, elderly Blacks, particulary women below age 75, had a higher prevalence of disability compared with Whites, which was partially attributable to a higher prevalence of chronic conditions. In North Carolina, Blacks had only a slightly higher risk of being disabled than Whites, and this was fully accounted for by differences in socioeconomic status. Black-White differences in the prevalence of functional disability reveal geographic variation.
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